Many people are aware that when they are detained by the law, they have the right to remain silent.
However, you may be wondering what your other legal rights are.
You have the right to be treated with respect and to know why you have been arrested or detained. You have the right to make one phone call to inform someone of your situation
Prior to an arrest, a person has to be given the following caution: “you have the right to an attorney, the right to remain silent, and the right to have an attorney present during questioning.” However, if you are charged with a crime you must be further advised: “If you have not mentioned, when questioned, something that you later rely on in court, then this may be taken into account when deciding if you are guilty.”
You have the right to know why you are being detained or arrested. There is no such thing as a friendly discussion. If you feel comfortable talking to a police officer and the questioning does not feel threatening, answer the questions honestly. If, however, the questioning takes on a threatening tone or if the session seems to be lasting inordinately long, you have the right to end the questioning and ask for a solicitor. At that point, you must say no more.
In addition, if you are a minor (under the age of 18), then you should be told that you do not have to speak without your parents. In fact, you should never speak without one of your parents present.